Are you one of the 2-4% of WESTERN CULTURE ADHERENTS who falls into the category termed ‘Bipolar Disorder’ or ‘Schizophrenic’?

This note explains how this 2-4% are just those who are unable to give themselves up to EITHER the conservative mindset OR the liberal mindset, such splitting into polarized factions being considered NORMAL among WESTERN CULTURE ADHERENTS, and thus defining ABNORMALITY in terms of being unable throw oneself body and soul into EITHER of those two BINARY OPPOSITE POLAR DIVISIONS, and in effect, EMBODYING THE SPLIT rather than opting for one or the other.  This is kind of like building one’s home over top of the San Andreas fault, rather than, like the majority, opting for one side or the other.

THE POINT HERE IS THAT ALL THREE CATEGOREIS ARE FORMS OF CRAZINESS which split WESTERN CULTURE ADHERENTS into the three camps of CONSERVATIVE, LIBERAL (who live on either side of the ‘fault’ respectively, and BIPOLAR/SCHIZOPHRENIC who effectively EMBODY the split.  Note that the CONSERVATIVE – LIBERAL split is JUST AS CRAZY as the embodied split within the individual ‘with SCHIZOPHRENIA or BIPOLAR DISORDER’, it’s just that GROUPS OF CRAZIES NORMALIZE THEIR ABNORMALITY by conforming to a common ABNORMALITY.  In fact, we would do better to GROUND the term NORMAL with respect to NATURE and speak of NATURALITY and ABNATURALITY in which case WESTERN CULTURE ADHERENTS who are “NORMAL” are predominantly ABNATURAL.

SO, … WHAT IS THE NATURE OF the SPLIT within the WESTERN CULTURE ADHERENT social collective and why does it manifest in the ‘CONSERVATIVE-LIBERAL POLAR DIVISION’ but not in the EAST?  (The EAST is a term that is often associated with indigenous aboriginal cultures, Taoism/Buddhism and Advaita Vedanta, which do no not split off into CONSERVATIVE and LIBERAL polar opposite camps.

THE SPLIT develops in an individual’s conception of reality as regards the relationship of FIGURE and GROUND which is foundational to one’s perception of the SELF and OTHER relationship.

In the EAST, there is NOT an explicit FIGURE AND GROUND duality but an implicit FIGURE and GROUND NON-duality (imagine a hurricane within a turbulent atmospheric flow and ask yourself whether you think of this FIGURE and GROUND combination as ONE with TWO differently appearing aspects, or as TWO separate things in themselves.

As WESTERN CULTURE ADHERENTS who like to use language and grammar to construct REPRESENTATIONS that are shareable (thanks to us humans having developed language and grammar), and as Nietzsche points out, language and grammar allow us to perpetrate the DOUBLE ERROR of NAMING and GRAMMAR to reduce the reality of our sensory experience of inclusion in the transforming relational continuum (aka the Wave-field aka the Tao) which delivers up a psychological impression of NAMING-instantiated LOCAL things-in-themselves with notional GRAMMAR given powers of SOURCING their own actions and developments.

For example, we can experience inclusion in a fluid continuum in which DUNING is included and speak of ‘THE DUNE’ (NAMING is the FIRST ERROR) and conflate that by using GRAMMAR to impute to it ‘it’s own powers of SOURCING actions and development’ (GRAMMAR is the SECOND ERROR).  So, where our experience is of inclusion in the transforming relational continuum aka the Wave-field aka ‘the Tao’, which is AN INNATELY NONLOCAL PHENOMENON, we can use this DOUBLE ERROR of language and grammar to REDUCE the innate NONLOCALITY of our sensory experience of inclusion in the Wave-field (the Tao) to something LOCAL thanks to the DOUBLE ERROR.  Hence, the purely NONLOCAL resonance phenomenon of DUNING is reduced to ‘the DUNE’ which we use GRAMMAR to say “is growing higher and longer and is shifting towards the sea”.

Before we opened out mouth to start using language and grammar representation, our experience was purely relational sensory experience of inclusion in the transforming relational continuum, which is INEFFABLE because there is nothing LOCAL in this relational transformational dynamic, it is inherently NONLOCAL and thus INEFFABLE.

LOCAL and EFFABLE are made possible by the DOUBLE ERROR of language and grammar, … an extremely useful TOOL which as Emerson points out, has, among WESTERN CULTURE ADHERENTS “run away with the workman”.  In other words, the reduction of the NONLOCAL RESONANCE phenomenon of DUNING by way of the DOUBLE ERROR to ‘the DUNE’ that we animate with GRAMMAR, … ‘the DUNE is growing higher and longer and is shifting towards the sea’ …. IS NOT REALITY because REALITY is INEFFABLE-BECAUSE-NONLOCAL, … but this DOUBLE ERROR reduction to a LOCAL thing-in-itself with notional powers of SOURCING actions and developments IS EFFABLE and thus we can use such language and grammar-based representation TO SHARE A CRUDE REDUCTION OF OUR INEFFABLE EXPERIENCE.

SO FAR SO GOOD!  WE HAVE A TECHNIQUE FOR EFFABLE-IZING (A CRUDE REDUCTION OF) OUR INEFFABLE EXPERIENCE.   ALL WE HAVE TO DO IS REMEMBER NOT TO ‘LET THE TOOL RUN AWAY WITH THE WORKMAN’, because if we do, we will get a big ego by believing in the DOUBLE ERROR which imputes to NAMING instantiated notional LOCAL things-in-themselves, such as OURSELF, the notional powers of SOURCING actions and developments.  THIS DOUBLE ERROR DEFINES EGO which is seen as a SOURCING POWER possessed by a NAMING-instantiated thing-in-itself with GRAMMAR-GIVEN powers of sourcing actions and developments.

THERE IS A TEMPTATION HERE, known as EGO, that would like to forget that the DOUBLE ERROR that makes relational forms in the NONLOCAL into (by the intellectual act of NAMING aka BAPTISING/CHRISTENING) LOCAL things-in-themselves with GRAMMAR-given powers of SOURCING actions and developments.

This is where WEST splits off from EAST because EAST does not forget that the DOUBLE ERROR is simply a ‘tool of inference’ where this inference based representation can do no more than INFER a fluid reality which is NONLOCAL and thus INEFFABLE, such INFERENCE inviting us to make an intuitive leap to the INEFFABLE because NONLOCAL reality of inclusion within the transforming relational continuum.  This is what Wittgenstein is talking about his final two propositions in Tractatus Logico Philosophicus;

6.54 My propositions are elucidatory in this way: he who understands me finally recognizes them as senseless, when he has climbed out through them, on them, over them. (He must so to speak throw away the ladder, after he has climbed up on it.)

He must surmount these propositions; then he sees the world rightly.

7.0 Whereof one cannot speak, thereof one must be silent. —–Wittgenstein, Tractatus Logico Philosophicus

The WEST DOES FORGET and this is where ‘the tool runs away with the workman, the human with the DIVINE’, as Emerson points out.  If we understand what is going on by getting out of the FLATSPACE constraints of ‘continental drift’ with its ambiguous mirror image partner ‘seafloor spreading’, and thinking in the higher dimensionality terms of spherical space;

THERE IS NO LONGER ANY EXPLICIT-BINARY AMBIGUITY WHERE BOTH FIGURE AND GROUND ARE ONE,; i.e. in the case of understanding transformation in terms of BOTH subductive-intrusion AND eruptive-extrusion, FIGURE AND GROUND ARE ONE, and THE AMBIGUOUS DUALITY OF — ‘continental drift’ ALSO KNOWN AS ‘seafloor spreading’ — is no longer present.  NOTE that this AMBIGUITY of continental drift and seafloor spreading is an artifact of DOUBLE ERROR of language and grammar which also crops up the conservative – liberal bipolarity.  It comes from FLATSPACE THINKING.

If one thinks in the SPHERICAL SPACE terms of TRANSFORMATION involving BOTH INTRUSIVE SUBDUCTION  (as in the Earth’s subduction zones’) AND EXTRUSIVE ERUPTIONS (the birth of Surtsey and more new landmass associated with extrusive outflows as associate with seafloor spreading, these ‘talked about SUBDUCTION and EXTRUSION as TWO SEPARATE PHENOMENA can be INTUITED as ONE PHENOMENON; i.e. relational TRANSFORMATION.

WHY DO WE WESTERN CULTURE ADHERENTS HOLD ON TO THE BINARY SPLIT WHEREBY WE IMPUTE THE POWER OF “SOURCING” AS IN EXTRUSION OF FIGURES AKA “BIRTH” (the birth of the new island of Surtsey) and the SUBDUCTION of FIGURES AKA “DEATH” (the death of an ‘existing’ landmass that is subducted at a ‘plate boundary’).

As any reader of the language and grammar I am using can see, it is easy for me to devise language and grammar representations that have the power of imputing BIRTH by NAMING, SOURCING POWER by GRAMMAR and DEATH by deleting or over-writing a NAMING instantiated thing-in-itself, e.g. as in the case of a NAMING instantiated NATION-THING-IN-ITSELF.  The psycho-intellectual power of NAMING to impute the impression of a LOCALLY EXISTING THING-IN-ITSELF and to impute to it notional powers of SOURCING its own actions and developments such as GROWTH and CHANGE does not depend on validation by our actual sensory experience; e.g. ‘The Changing Borders of Poland’

The DOUBLE ERROR of language and grammar has the power of CONSTRUCTING a pseudo-reality in ‘intellectual mind-space’ as a kind of CAMELOT that we accept as REAL even if we have ‘never been there’ which is like the virgin youth with a Ph.D. in sexual relations that has ‘never been there’ but is nevertheless an ‘expert’ in describing and explaining such ‘reality’.  For those of us who have been there ‘only intellectually’ and ‘never been there’, experientially, Poland and Camelot may be equally real.  In other words, Intellectual knowledge can be ‘believable’ whether or not it is grounded in CARNAL KNOWLEDGE (grounded in sensory experience).

The point is that the language and grammar based DOUBLE ERROR is a PIVOT leads on the one hand to EASTERN AND WESTERN SPLIT view of REALITY; i.e.

EAST: the DOUBLE ERROR instantiates the intellectual conceptualizing of LOCAL EXISTENCE of EXPLICIT things-in themselves with powers of LOCAL SOURCING, understood as a linguistic tool of INFERENCE of the INEFFABLE that lies innately beyond the LOCAL and EXPLICIT.

WEST: the DOUBLE ERROR instantiates the intellectual conceptualizing of LOCAL EXISTENCE of EXPLICIT things-in-themselves with powers of LOCAL SOURCING, understood as THE OPERATIVE REALITY.


The EAST understands the DOUBLE ERROR representations of language and grammar as EFFABLE-IZING REDUCTIONS of the INEFFABLE-BECAUSE-NONLOCAL; e.g. DUNING is NONLOCAL resonance that belongs to the INEFFABLE transforming relational continuum (the Wave-field, the Tao).  Therefore, the understanding is that ‘THE DUNE’ or ‘THE HUMAN’ is, in reality, a DUNING or HUMANING relational feature within the transforming relational continuum aka the GREAT RESONANCE aka the Wave-field aka ‘the Tao’.  Thus, on hearing a story featuring ‘the DUNE’ or the ‘HUMAN’ and its GRAMMAR-given actions and developments, all of this EFFABLE intellectual construction is no more than a Wittgenstein Ladder or relational WEB OF INFERENCE that is meant to induce in the intuitive mind, INFERENCE of TRANSFORMATION (e.g. DUNING) which, because it is NONLOCAL (resonance based) and involves the overall transforming relational continuum, CANNOT BE TOLD; i.e. ‘IS INEFFABLE’.

The WEST, ON THE OTHER HAND, understands the DOUBLE ERROR representations of language and grammar LITERALLY, as if these representations were portraits of REALITY itself.  Thus the DUNING that we call ‘the DUNE’ and that we say is “growing larger and longer and is shifting towards the sea” and/or ‘the HUMAN’ that we say is “growing larger and taller and is learning how to crawl and walk” are not interpreted, in the WEST, as they would be in the EAST, as representations of INFERENCE of an innately more comprehensive all-including transforming relational continuum.  They are instead interpreted as direct viewing of REALITY and thus imply that REALITY is directly available to our visual (language constructed) representations, in contrast to the EASTERN view where ‘the Tao that can be told is not the true Tao’.

In other words, we can SEE a SNAPSHOT OF DUNING (GOODBYE ‘TRANSFORMATION”; i.e. the ‘transforming relational continuum of our included experience) and describe THE SNAPSHOT in terms of VISIBLE FORMS THAT WE NAME  (DUNES) that we re-animate with GRAMMAR that limits us to a FLATSPACE viewing in terms of NAMING-instantiated ‘things-in-themselves’ with GRAMMAR-given powers of sourcing actions and developments.  The containing space separates and falls away like the first stage of a rocket that is launching us who are in our separate capsule, into our own ‘new orbit’.  NO MORE TRANSFORMATION that we are included in, … we are now the masters of our own destiny, … or are we?  Did we really ‘leave the earth behind?  NO, … not unless we can consider ourselves and the earth to be separate LOCAL entities within an absolute, empty containing space.

Can our creative abstracting intellect arrange that for us?  YES, it can!  Because it has the DOUBLE ERROR tool of language and grammar wherein we use NAMING to impute LOCAL thing-in-itself existence to our SELF [first error] and conflate that with GRAMMAR to impute to ourselves the power of SOURCING actions and developments [second error].  ARE DUNES and HUMANS “really” LOCAL THINGS-IN-THEMSELVES that grow larger and taller and LOCALLY SOURCE actions and developments?  NOT IN THE REALITY OF OUR ACTUAL SENSORY EXPERIENCE, but this DOUBLE ERROR does work within the realm of intellectual representation along side of the Adventures of King Kong etc. etc.

IN other words, NO!, DUNES and HUMANS ARE NOT LOCAL THINGS-IN-THEMSELVES WITH THEIR OWN POWERS OF SOURCING ACTIONS AND DEVELOPMENTS, … that is a picture based show-and-tell mock-up that doesn’t come near bring to visible representation the INEFFABLE-because-NONLOCAL TRANSFORMATION that goes in in the transforming relational continuum aka ‘reality’ aka ‘the Wave-field’ aka ‘the Tao’.

The point is that this language I am using right now (English) lacks the horsepower to share the INEFFABLE-BECAUSE-NONLOCAL dynamics of the reality (the transforming relational continuum) we share inclusion in.

In other words, in order for me to elaborate on the question of the effable and ineffable, we need to switch to a language that has a more comprehensive reality-capturing capability than English or French or Arabic or Latin because they are all DOUBLE ERROR – LOADED’.

What is needed, Bohm argued in his book Wholeness and the Implicate Order, is a new sort of language, one based on processes and activity, transformation and change, rather than on the interactions of stable objects. Bohm called this hypothetical language the “rheomode.” It is based primarily on verbs and on grammatical structures deriving from verbs. Such a language, Bohm argued, is perfectly adapted to a reality of enfolding and unfolding matter and thought.

 David Bohm had not known when he wrote of that concept that such a language is not just a physicist’s hypothesis. It actually exists. The language of the Algonquin peoples was developed by the ancestors specifically to deal with subtle matters of reality, society, thought, and spirituality.

 A few months before his death, Bohm met with a number of Algonkian speakers and was struck by the perfect bridge between their language and worldview and his own exploratory philosophy. What to Bohm had been major breakthroughs in human thought — quantum theory, relativity, his implicate order and rheomode – were part of the everyday life and speech of the Blackfoot, Mic Maq, Cree and Ojibwaj.” – F. David Peat, ‘Blackfoot Physics’

Sorry, but I am unable to switch, in this here discussion, to the languages of the Blackfoot, Mic Maq, Cree and Ojibwaj, and even if I were capable of making that switch, you might not be able to understand me.

But, our failure to be able to switch to a language that can deal with a reality wherein FIGURE AND GROUND ARE ONE.

RECALL what happens without such a language;

Supposing we use the double error in capturing physical flow based relational transformation;  That which is purely fluid subductive-intrusion and eruptive-extrusion in a spherical form (imputing spherical form), language and grammar can reduce this from its spherical innering-outering topology which implies the BOTH/AND logic of the INCLUDED medium to FLATSPACE EITHER/OR logic of the EXCLUDED medium where we speak in  the ‘dimensionally-reduced’ terms of ‘continental drift’ and ‘seafloor spreading’.  Consider how this REDUCES our understanding of relational TRANSFORMATION.

Things don’t REALLY float around on the surface of the sphere of the earth and bump into each other and stick together in some places and pull apart in other place … THE WHOLE FUCKING SPHERICAL REALITY IS TRANSFORMING.


That AMBIGUITY arises from the LIMITATIONS OF LANGUAGE; i.e. the limitations of language such as ENGLISH which reduce the REPRESENTATION of reality to DOUBLE ERROR based abstractions.  That is, we reduce the Wave-field resonance of DUNING to the FLATSPACE terms of NAMING-instantiated (first error) DUNES, notional THINGS-IN-THEMSELVES that we conflate with GRAMMAR  to impute to them (second error) the powers of SOURCING actions and developments.

The MAIN POINT HERE is that if we are speaking or writing in ENGLISH, we are not able to deliver representations of REALITY because, for example, we are constrained to talking about DUNES or HUMANS as LOCAL things-in-themselves, rather than speaking about DUNING and HUMANING as relational developments within the transforming relational continuum aka the Wavefield aka ‘the Tao’.

So, if we try to ‘work around this and use our language that is incapable of capturing the ineffable-because-nonlocal in our language’s effable-because-local terms, we need to issue a warning to the effect that “the Tao that can be told is not the true Tao”, and possibly the Heraclitean advisement that; “Listening not to me but to the Logos, it is wise to consider that all things a ONE’ (Figure and Ground are ONE’).

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So, HOW WOULD WE SEE COVID 19 in light of the above?

FIRST OF ALL, we now see TRANSFORMATION as the primary reality which does away with DOUBLE ERROR CONCEPT that has us believing in PATHOGENS (demonic authors of destruction) and BENOGENS (angelic authors of production). Instead we have relational resonance and dissonance.  As we intuited, Robin Hood and Jean Valjean were not CRIMINALS aka PATHOGENS but their behaviours were inductively serving the interests of restoring relational balance in a social dynamic that was being pulled apart into unbalance by polarized factions of RICH and POOR.

The RICH were supported by the DOUBLE ERROR abstraction of NAMING and GRAMMAR which delivers the abstract intellectual concept of the PRODUCER-PRODUCT dynamic wherein PRODUCERS PRODUCE in the manner that FIRE BURNS.  In other words, the DOUBLE ERROR promotes belief in LOCAL SOURCING of actions and developments.  Of course, we could argue that CRIME has this same PRODUCER-PRODUCT DOUBLE ERROR structure.

In the EAST, the DOUBLE ERROR structures are used only for INFERENCE as ‘Wittgenstein ladders’ and are not interpreted as ‘the way things really work.

But in the WEST, the DOUBLE ERROR structures are used in language-based representations, NOT as IMPLICIT INFERENCES of the INEFFABLE but as EXPLICIT representations of the EFFABLE.  For example, ‘the DUNE’ and ‘the HUMAN’ as given by their DOUBLE ERROR representations are to be understood in the WEST as REAL LOCAL THINGS-in-themselves, with REAL LOCAL POWERS of SOURCING their own actions and developments.’.

“FIRE BURNS” can be a very convincing reduction of NONLOCAL TRANSFORMATION to LOCAL PRODUCER-PRODUCT (cause-effect) DYNAMIC.  The summer season wrought desiccating of the forest that borrows from the celestial dynamics is a NONLOCAL dynamic which cannot be traced back to any LOCAL SOURCE, as is the nature of the Wave-dynamic aka ‘the Tao’.  In other words, the ‘bigger picture’ of what is going on is NONLOCAL and INEFFABLE, whereas ‘FIRE BURNS’ and ‘COVID 19 KILLS’ are REPRESENTATIONAL ‘SHORT CUTS’ THAT LOCALIZE (and thus ‘effable-ize’) the NONLOCAL and thus ‘ineffable’, and in the process REDUCE the cognitive content in the representation.

This is where the Newtonian EITHER/OR logic of the EXCLUDED medium takes over from the BOTH/AND logic of the INCLUDED medium; i.e. where we implant the notion of FIGURE AND GROUND AS TWO in place of the quantum logic of FIGURE AND GROUND as ONE.    That is, the VILLAIN and VICTIM is the same LOCALIZING topology as FIRE BURNS; i.e. FIGURE-and-GROUND-as-TWO whereas the MOTHER dynamic of TRANSFORMATION is NONLOCAL and involves the BOTH/AND logic of the INCLUDED medium wherein FIGURE and GROUND are ONE.  Robin Hood’s ‘taking from the rich and giving to the poor’ is a ‘rebalancing act’ like the solar agency that cultivates a moderative cooling of the atmosphere by desiccating vegetation in the manner of evaporating wicks.

RELATIONAL TRANSFORMATION is the basic reality but it is INEFFABLE-because-NONLOCAL.  Robin Hood and Jean Valjean were caught up in the INEFFABLE and that is why they were deemed GUILTY of the CRIME of THEFT which is EFFABLE because it is LOCAL.

In Western culture, the EFFABLE trumps the INEFFABLE because the EFFABLE is VISIBLE-because-LOCAL and the INEFFABLE is NOT VISIBLE-because-NONLOCAL.    Like the drunk who is searching for the watch that he lost on a dark stretch of the road under the streetlight “because the search conditions are a lot better there”, WESTERN CULTURE ADHERENTS search for the EXPLICT even where the phenomenon investigated derives from the IMPLICIT.  CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION (CSI) is only interested in searching for FIRE BURNS (LOCAL) producer-product actions and developments (DOUBLE ERROR dynamics) and has no interest in violin accompanied sob-stories about starving waifs that survive if only there could be a small shift from regions of excess to regions of deficiency.  The drunk searching under the streetlight and the WESTERN CULTURE CSI investigator are ‘coming from the same place’.  Why not simplify the complexity that happens to be ‘reality’?

Language and grammar-based representations using the DOUBLE ERROR are a great means of simplifying the relational complexity in TRANSFORMATION, reducing it from the NONLOCAL-INEFFABLE to the LOCAL-EFABLE.  That’s how WESTERN JUSTICE works and the same approach is incorporated in WESTERN MEDICINE.

For example, research by Cochrane and Sashidharan shows that the incidence of schizophrenia in non-native born blacks in the U.K. is 3-5 times higher than native born blacks. As these researchers point out, this effect cannot be due to genetic difference or other sources within the individual. Their point is that a science that studies ‘mental illness’ is not going to explain what is going on in this case, a study of mental health (which extends the realm of investigation to include the social dynamic the individual is situationally included in) would instead be required.

From the outset it will be clear that most of the research in this field has followed the conventional epidemiological or medical paradigm by focusing on mental ill health as the dependent variable. It is, therefore, not surprising that there is a lack of empirically grounded research on mental well-being or the psychological resilience and survival of minority groups in this country” — R. Cochrane (University of Birmingham) and S. P. Sashidharan (North Birmingham Mental Health Trust) in ‘Mental Health and Ethnic Minorities’

As has been obvious to Nietzsche, Schroedinger, Bohm, Ronald Laing et al, the belief in LOCAL SOURCING of ACTIONS AND DEVELOPMENTS is giving rise to endemic aberrance in Western culture adherents. This aberrance manifests as ‘schizophrenia’ as in the findings of Cochrane and Sashidharan cited above.  This point that we can’t understand the behaviour of people in terms of local jumpstart sourcing of actions and developments (as in the DOUBLE ERROR) continually crops up.  For example, in ‘Crazy for You: The Making of Women’s Madness’, Jill Astbury interprets the World Health Organization study showing that women have twice the incidence of ‘affective disorders’ (depression, bipolar disorder etc.) as men, as follows;

“The research stemming from this viewpoint had a systemic blindness. It could literally not see what it was doing, as the normative quality of its own presuppositions had made them invisible.” – Jill Astbury

The ‘SYSTEMIC BLINDNESS that is being pointed out in these examples is the same ‘systemic blindness’ as incorporated in ‘FIRE BURNS’ and  PATHOGENS KILL’.  The SYSTEMIC BLINDNESS goes by the name of the DOUBLE ERROR of language and grammar; the FIRST ERROR is ‘NAMING’ to impute local thing-in-itself existence to a relational form-in-the-flow and the SECOND ERROR is GRAMMAR that imputes to the NAMING-instantiated thing-in-itself the notional power of SOURCING actions and developments.

So, if you ARE one of the 2-4% of WESTERN CULTURE ADHERENTS who falls into the category termed ‘Bipolar Disorder’ or ‘Schizophrenic’, you may rest assured that your ‘craziness’ is not internally sourced but almost certainly coming from the ‘aberrant normality’ of the WESTERN CULTURE we are immersed in.

What we call ‘normal’ is a product of repression, denial, splitting, projection, introjection and other forms of destructive action on experience.”  — R.D. Laing


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